External Costs of Transport in Europe
05/06/2012 - The study External Costs of Transport in Europe shows that per passenger-km, the external costs of cars or aviation are about four times those of rail transport, with a similar pattern for freight transport. In total road transport is responsible for 93% of all external costs. Passenger cars have a share of about 62%, followed by trucks (14%) and vans (9%). From the non-road modes, passenger aviation (internal -European) has the largest share in external costs with about 4%. Rail transport is responsible for less than 2% for both passenger and freight transport. In total about 76% of the costs are caused by passenger transport and 24% by freight. The study was conducted by consultants CE Delft, INFRAS and ISI for the International Union of Railways (UIC) and is an update of the previous UIC-study on external costs: External costs of transport in Europe by INFRAS/IWW (2004). The study builds on the IMPACT handbook on external costs, which was developed in 2007 for the European Commission by CE Delft and partners and which is since the de facto standard on external cost estimation of transport in Europe.
More information: Huib van Essen