CE Delft’s work on the theme of International energy encompasses research and advice on the global transition of the energy sector to sustainable supply systems. In the Netherlands, as in other EU member states, national energy policies and energy systems are being shaped increasingly by international energy and climate policies, including the targets, standards and constraints relating to energy efficiency, renewable energy and carbon emissions embodied in EU legislation. At the same time, the energy infrastructure of north-west European member states is becoming ever more integrated.
Our work on this theme involves research and consultancy on international developments in the energy sector, focusing on the following issues:
- the transition from fossil to renewable energy sources
- adaptation of infrastructures for power, heat, gas and transport energy
- energy efficiency, both at end-users (households, business and industry) and in the energy production chain as a whole
- long-term maintenance and improvement of security of supply and energy autonomy
Developments in the energy realm impact on numerous different players:
- Energy companies: changes in European and national policy, the EU Emissions Trading Scheme, national incentives (subsidies, tax benefits, etc.), legislation on renewables and energy efficiency.
- Industry: responding to the emerging opportunities and threats while maintaining international competitiveness.
- Grid operators: facilitation of non-controllable, decentralised generating capacity.
- Consumers: demand for renewables and low energy costs.
CE Delft is fully conversant with the policy setting and with energy transition scenarios at both the European and national level, as well as with impacts and barriers potentially affecting energy sector trends. Relevant issues include: implementation of European policy, effectiveness of the EU ETS, changes to power generation infrastructure, impacts of electric transport, energy efficiency, and the availability and sustainability of biomass. In addition, we have all the expertise and tools required for robust analysis of the (environmental) impacts of the energy transition, including Life Cycle Assessment, (economic) modelling of generating technologies and social cost-benefit analyses – on the costs and benefits of smart grids, for example.