At the request of the Dutch ministry of Infrastructure and Water Management, CE Delft (in partnership with Revnext) has investigated the potential contribution that reduced parking fees for zero-emission vehicles can make to purchase of such vehicles. To this end four options were examined: a 100%, 75%, 50% and 25% reduction compared with standard parking rates.
The impacts of such a move were calculated at both the local and national level. For the former, use was made of CE Delft’s CEPARK model. This dedicated vehicle parking model permits town-level analysis of the effects of various kinds of parking policy, including changes in parking fees. At the national level use was also made of the Carbontax model developed by Revnext.
The study shows that reduced parking fees lead to limited growth of zero-emission vehicles among those making use of town parking facilities. If such vehicles were exempted from a parking fee altogether, this would lead to an approx. 4% increase in the number of such vehicles owned by this group in the ‘model town’ by 2030. On a national scale the increase would be a little under 3%. Calculations were based on the assumption that no additional national or local policies are introduced to encourage purchase of these vehicles. The measure’s effectiveness is anticipated to rise if it is embedded in a wider incentive package for zero-emission vehicles.